The routine maintenance of your teeth is the foundation to a healthy smile. Periodic cleanings of your teeth ensure that plaque and tartar build-up is completely removed off the surface of your teeth. Deep cleanings are needed when a patient has not had their teeth cleaned for some time as plaque, tartar, and toxins build up under the gums. Sealants are placed on the surface of children’s teeth to prevent bacteria from being harbored in the deep grooves of their teeth. Fluoride is also used to help coat the teeth and prevent bacteria from sticking to the surface of their teeth.